Physical fitness is a state of health and well-being and, more specifically, the ability to perform aspects of sports, occupations and daily activities. Physical fitness is generally achieved through proper nutrition, moderate-vigorous physical exercise, and sufficient rest.
Before the industrial revolution, fitness was defined as the capacity to carry out the day’s activities without undue fatigue. However, with automation and changes in lifestyles physical fitness is now considered a measure of the body’s ability to function efficiently and effectively in work and leisure activities, to be healthy, to resist hypokinetic diseases, and to meet emergency situations.
Benefits of Fitness:
- Physical activity helps you live longer and prevent many chronic diseases, such as heart disease, high blood pressure, abnormal blood lipid (cholesterol and triglyceride) profile, stroke, type 2 diabetes, metabolic syndrome, and colon and breast cancers.
- Physical activity improves cardiorespiratory and muscular fitness.
- Physical activity raises your metabolism and helps you lose weight more easily (or eat more without gaining weight).
- Physical activity helps reduce stress, anxiety, and depression and improve your mood. .
- Physical activity helps maintain brain function in older adults.
- Physical activity helps with digestion and promotes regular bowel movements.
- Physical activity increases bone density.
- Physical activity helps you age more gracefully by maintaining your looks and your agility.
- Physical activity improves sleep quality.
- Physical activity improves your overall quality of life.